A report issued by the United States on Monday determined that violence committed by Myanmar security forces against Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine state last year was ‘extreme, large-scale, and widespread,” but failed to describe the atrocities as amounting to crimes against humanity or genocide.
The violence, which included murder, rape, and village burnings, forced more than 700,000 Rohingya across the border and into Bangladesh where they are living in sprawling displacement camps. The U.S., United Nations, and other countries have previously said that the crackdown amounted to ethnic cleansing.
The 20-page State Department report is based on a survey conducted earlier this year of more than 1,024 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh who fled the crackdown, many of whom witnessed killings and sexual assaults carried out in most instances by the Myanmar military.
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