On July 29, Cambodians will head to the polls to vote in national elections held once every five years. The ruling party, Prime Minister Hun Sen’s Cambodian People’s Party (CPP), is widely predicted to win by a landslide, especially after successfully dismantling the main opposition party in late 2017. Cambodia’s national elections are set to take place just months after the CPP won every available seat in the February Senate elections. Multiple experts have expressed concern in the past couple of years about Hun Sen’s growing authoritarian rule and the implications for Cambodia’s fragile democracy. This backgrounder provides information on Cambodia’s democratic history, recent political events, and what this means for the upcoming elections.