Uncertainty Cast Over Suspects’ Rights at KR Tribunal

Five suspects in cases 003, 004 have still not been informed of charges against them or rights to lawyers

Concerns are mounting over serious violations of suspects’ rights in the Khmer Rouge tribunal’s government-opposed cases 003 and 004, which could jeopardize the success of the cases were they ever to be tried.

More than two years after the cases were opened, their five suspects—Sou Met, Meas Muth, Ta Tith, Ta An and Im Chaem—have still not been informed of the charges against them. They have also not been told of their right to retain legal counsel of their choice—for free, if they cannot afford it—which is explicitly provided for in the law establishing the tribunal.

What is more, a lawyer hired by the Defense Support Section (DSS) in 2010 to represent the interests of all five suspects was unable to get his contract re­newed in April after a legal tussle with the court’s co-investigating judges.

“They assigned me to be a de­fense lawyer for the suspects for cases 003 and 004, but later on, the investigating judges did not accept me, and they closed the case,” law­yer Kong Sam Onn said.

“I was hired for around six months, from early October 2010 until late April this year…. I actually did not work very much. I just proposed my official defense work to the court, but both investigating judges rejected it.”

After several other failed at­tempts by the defense section to get Mr Sam Onn’s contract re­newed, he has now taken the job of defending former Khmer Rouge head of state Khieu Sam­phan in Case 002.

In a split decision released Tues­day, two UN judges in the Pre-Trial Chamber said the rights of Sou Met and Meas Muth had been violated during the course of the Case 003 in­vestigation, marking the first time judges have spoken out on the issue.

“The failure to conduct a complete and impartial investigation would inevitably be detrimental to the rights of the suspects, the victims and the co-prosecutors, especially in the context where they have not thus far been af­forded the possibility to effectively participate in the said investigation,” wrote judges Ka­tinka La­huis and Rowan Downing.

They said the suspects should have been informed of the char­ges against them and given an opportunity to participate in the investigation as it proceeded.

A report released Monday by the Open Society Justice Initiative (OSJI), a New York-based group that monitors the tribunal, also highlighted growing worries that the disregard of suspects’ rights could sink Case 003 entirely.

“Since neither of the Case 003 sus­pects’ interests was ever represented during the investigation (other than by the judges themselves), and since neither of them was officially informed he was under investigation, or given an opportunity to respond to allegations, it is al­most inconceivable that they could be indicted,” the report said. “It would constitute an egregious violation of their fair trial rights.”

OSJI said the lack of defense representation could have consequen­ces down the road if the suspects were ever prosecuted domestically.

“If ever convicted by a domestic court, they may be entitled to a re­duction in sentence due to the violation of their fundamental rights by the ECCC,” OSJI said.

Nisha Valabhji, the acting head of DSS, could not be reached for comment this week. How­ever, she said earlier this year that DSS believed the five suspects were unconditionally entitled to legal representation.

Im Chaem, who was accused by prosecutors in 2009 of coordinating purges and executions in Demo­cratic Kampuchea’s North­west Zone, said she has still not been informed of the charges against her, despite the fact that investigators have now conducted multiple field interviews with witnesses to her alleged crimes. She also has no lawyer.

“Up until now, nobody [from the tribunal] has come to talk with me,” she said. “I did nothing wrong, so it means that they violate my rights, because I did not commit anything wrong, but they accuse me.”

(Additional reporting by Neou Vannarin and Chhorn Chansy)



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